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25

Aug
2014

No Comments

In Life

By Daniel Kao

The Tension Between the Inner Self and the Outer Self

On 25, Aug 2014 | No Comments | In Life | By Daniel Kao

I’m learning how to drive manual.

And in learning how to drive, like any other active learning process, there are two mentalities that emerge. The Inner Game of Tennis talks about these two mentalities that often are at odds with each other, often leading to a self-sabotage of the learning process.

The first, called the outer self, is the part of the learning process that thinks logically about the situation. For example, in driving stick, the outer self sets specific speeds at which to change gears, and attempts to give specific instructions on what to do with the stick at what point.

In contrast, the inner self is the part that learns intuitively and by feeling. When someone learning to drive stick stalls the car, the inner self assesses how the car felt during the time, and internalizes the feelings associated with failing.

As Timothy Gallwey argues, the inner self is what allows tennis players to achieve mastery through proper focus and mental performance. Most of the time, the outer self is much louder than the inner self, and reacts negatively whenever a mistake is made.

Thus, the challenge in letting the inner self learn properly is about knowing how to quiet the part of the mind that is micromanaging every action. It’s about learning to direct your focus on how things feel, and trusting yourself in the process.

While learning manual, accidentally stalling the car at a stoplight brings out the intense conflict between the inner and outer self. The outer self is calling myself stupid, while the inner self is attempting to learn from the mistake. Of course, since it all happens so fast, it’s easy to let the outer self take over, panic, and stall the car three more times at the same intersection.

Quieting the outer self is about being intentional about recognizing and acknowledging thoughts, but not engaging with or judging them. It’s about learning to focus deeply on what is happening, and how your focus or lack of focus on the task itself is affecting the outcome.

It’s not positive thinking, it’s properly directed focus.

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Inquiry Based Learning in The New School of San Francisco

On 18, Aug 2014 | No Comments | In Education | By Daniel Kao

Over the past couple months, I’ve had the privilege of working closely with some of the most incredible people I’ve ever met. The founders of The New School SF, a charter school to open in the fall of 2015, asked me to help support their web and marketing initiatives. It’s always been a dream of mine to be a part of starting a school, an item on my bucket list that I thought I wouldn’t be able to cross off until decades later.

The New School SF is a charter school with three main distinction points. Firstly, the school will be k-12, making it a complete 13 year program from kindergarten to graduating high school. Second, the school will be mixed income, promoting diversity and openness to all of San Francisco’s children. And last (and probably the most exciting personally), the school will have an inquiry based education model.

The inquiry model is a model that is based fundamentally on student inquiry. The student takes initiative in asking the questions and figuring out how to learn. Through exploration, exposition, and expression, students are able to use the innate curiosity to fuel their passion to learn. I’ve read and written about inquiry based models for a long time, but I’ve only ever used it myself, not in an environment of a whole group of students.

Through exploration, exposition, and expression, students are able to use the innate curiosity to fuel their passion to learn.

Over the last two weeks, The New School SF put on a pop-up program in which we were able to bring together a class of students ages 5 to 10 to attempt an inquiry based learning unit. We had amazing teachers from the UCLA lab school (a school doing inquiry based learning for the last 100 years) come in to show us the ropes of inquiry based education.

The students learned about roots and wings through creating collaborative projects, learning aspects of communication along the way. Pictures can be found on our Flickr album.

Even though I was running around doing errands, taking pictures, and designing the website, I realized that even the process of what I was doing was a manifestation of experiential learning. In one of the debrief meetings after a day of the pop-up, I listened in on insights and perspectives of teaching that I’ve never heard before. Besides feeling completely unqualified to be a part of those conversations, I saw how inquiry based learning starts with building community and identity, and attempts to relate everything to empowering a child’s dream.

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Throughout the whole two weeks, I couldn’t help but wish that my own education had been inquiry based. Getting to know each student individually brought a whole new depth of learning to each of the students that brought growth in a mere two weeks. I already miss the kids, but I’m excited to see how inquiry based learning scales from two week pop-up to a 13 year program.

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How Ordinary People Achieve Extraordinary Change

On 11, Aug 2014 | No Comments | In Education | By Daniel Kao

“We all spend so much time putting up walls so that others can’t see our vulnerabilities, but those same walls often enclose us within our own insecurities” – Adam Braun

The Promise of a Pencil, a book by Adam Braun, details the journey of starting the “for-purpose” organization Pencils of Promise. Adam Braun, although coming from a upper middle class family in New York, responded to questions and challenges in a very uniquely purposeful and significant way. He recounts near death experiences, being laid off, and other big risks and realizations.

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In short, Pencils of Promise is a nonprofit organization that seeks to bring education to children all over the world, mainly through fundraising and building schools in other countries. They’ve scaled to the point of opening a new school every 90 hours.

What fascinated me the most about this story was Adam’s ability to think outside the box, go against the life career path that he was set up to take, and go down his own unique path.

Let’s face it, we’ve all made excuses as to why we are not capable of taking a bold step to change the world. We’re not tall enough, fast enough, smart enough, rich enough, social enough, weird enough, knowledgeable enough, skilled enough, qualified enough, etc. Our excuses aren’t completely irrational, as much historical data points to people more or less growing up to remain in the same social position as their parents. Malcolm Gladwell even argues in Outliers that much of who we become is a function of our background and environment we grow up around.

I’ve always found this to be a tricky debate, torn between seeing people stuck with struggles similar to their parents’ and the idealistic hope of the American Dream. But the more I think about it, the more I realize that rising above the “glass ceiling” isn’t about working hard, but working smart.

Simply working harder won’t necessarily bring you to winning a Nobel Peace Prize, starting a company, or changing the world. In fact, many times hard work without proper grounding in passion and purpose leads to burn out and frustration. The question in our modern day connection economy is no longer how many units can you produce on a product line, but how can you work to be effective in the things that you produce?

Today is my birthday, and I’m giving it to help give kids an education. I’ve partnered with Pencils of Promise in an attempt to raise $1000 for kids all over the world. It would truly make my day if you could help some kids out!

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31

Jul
2014

One Comment

In Life

By Daniel Kao

Why You Should be a Jack of all Trades

On 31, Jul 2014 | One Comment | In Life | By Daniel Kao

“A human being should be able to change a diaper, plan an invasion, butcher a hog, conn a ship, design a building, write a sonnet, balance accounts, build a wall, set a bone, comfort the dying, take orders, give orders, cooperate, act alone, solve equations, analyze a new problem, pitch manure, program a computer, cook a tasty meal, fight efficiently, die gallantly. Specialization is for insects.” -Robert A. Heinlein

Growing up, I was instructed to pick one career and take the path from high school to the lucrative career of my choice. Over and over again, I heard the advice to focus on one skill in order to make a career out of it.

I don’t know about you, but my natural tendencies and interests make such advice nearly impossible to follow. My interests range from technology to education to agriculture to health, making it really difficult for me to simply focus on one of the above.

Recently, I came across Tim Ferriss’s post about being a jack of all trades, and it started to get me thinking about the principles behind the well-intentioned specialization advice.

The argument for becoming a specialist rather than a generalist is that specialists have depth in one field, making it easier to leverage that one skill in order to make money and be effective in his or her career. I find the reasoning behind this argument extremely sound, and agree that everyone should aim to for depth in fields that their interested in.

But what I’ve begun to realize is that people generally overestimate how much time it takes to becoming world class at a skill. With the level of resources we have available to us in our modern day, becoming an expert at certain skills has never been easier.

In fact, I’ve found that people who are constantly learning new things beyond the scope of their comfort zone have an even easier time becoming world class at new skills.

The specialist who spends their entire life learning one skill may make more money doing what they do best, but the generalist who intentionally, systematically, and purposefully learns and explores are much more fulfilled with a vast variety of experiences, can make internal interdisciplinary connections, and are all around much more interesting people to be around.

The key to being successful as a generalist is to be constantly mindful of the story you are creating. The worst generalist, the person which the conventional wisdom warns not to be, is the one who can’t make up their mind about what they want to do, switching focuses whenever something becomes too challenging or emotionally distressing. To be a successful generalist means being very focused on a day to day basis, specializing on a daily basis so that they can generalize on a yearly basis.

The point is, specialization is for insects. Humans have such great capacities to learn and explore a whole breadth of topics as well as take the time to explore the depth, so long as one is intentional about it.

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21

Jul
2014

No Comments

In Life

By Daniel Kao

You’ll Never Get to the Top of Everest Without Learning to Walk

On 21, Jul 2014 | No Comments | In Life | By Daniel Kao

Many of us have dreams.

Whether it be solving a global problem, amassing a large fortune, growing a family, or climbing Mount Everest, all of these tasks are much easier discussed than accomplished.

Why?

Because even the grandest dreams are built of seemingly mundane and boring tasks. Becoming a billionaire starts with earning one dollar. Painting a masterpiece starts with one stroke. Climbing a mountain starts with one step.

But others of us just collect tools.

Not everyone has a grand dream for their life. Some people go through the system and conquer the mundane because they are told that having tools will lead to success. They never take the time to find the unique value proposition they bring to the world, because they don’t believe they have any great ideas inside of them. Some people collect multiple degrees, hoping that someday somewhere a company will be kind enough to support the lifestyle they want to lead.

But just as a house won’t build itself by having all the right tools lying around, neither will it get built if there is only a blueprint. Sometimes, the process bears little resemblance to the finished product, but it’s through a combination of vision and execution that a house gets built.

The people who are able to think big, but also persevere and show up regularly are the ones who truly accomplish anything they set their mind to.

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03

Jul
2014

3 Comments

In Life

By Daniel Kao

Nitrogen and Collard Greens – What 2 Weeks of Farming Has Taught Me About Life

On 03, Jul 2014 | 3 Comments | In Life | By Daniel Kao

About 2 weeks ago, I began the intern program at Full Circle Farm. And as I walked into the field on the first day, I was greeted with completely foreign tasks, feeling like I was just starting to learn how to crawl. These were certainly not the buttons and pixels I have been so accustomed to manipulating.

I’m not writing this claiming to be an expert in agriculture, but rather I claim a role of a complete amateur, still learning the absolute basics of planting and harvesting. I will probably follow this up with another post toward the end of my internship.

I learned a couple things from my experience growing my lemon balm in my click and grow, but the last two weeks have been on a completely different scale.

Being on the farm and working the field has not only been my escape from the world of gadgets and internet, but has immediately presented lessons that have offered fresh perspective. To me, farming has been an interestingly spiritual experience, with each day uncovering more and more of life.

Here are a couple thoughts.

Everything is Cyclical – Perhaps the biggest thing being on the farm has given me perspective for is seeing life not as a linear progression, but a cycle. Plants are sprouted in the greenhouse, transplanted into the field, pruned and harvested, and then tilled back into the ground where cover crop is grown to refill the soil with nitrogen and other nutrients. With farming, there’s never an end goal to reach because the cycle is continuously happening.

And even the crops must be rotated on the fields so that the same crop is not growing in the same place multiple seasons in a row. Crops are rotated on fields in order to utilize nutrients as efficiently as possible, often growing in a procession of leafy greens to fruits to roots to legumes. Leafy greens require the highest amount of nitrogen to grow properly, fruits and roots require less nitrogen, and legumes replenish nitrogen into the system. It’s all about learning the cycles that happen within the cycles.

Fields must be worked, but crops take time – The farmer must diligently tend and nourish the crops, making sure the crops get enough sunlight, water, nutrients, etc, but no matter how hard the farmer works, there is no ethical way around how fast the crop grows. Sometimes impatience begs to see results immediately, but the work only affects the condition in which a crop grows, not the speed. But neglecting a crop can lead to a loss.

Every crop uses different nutrients and attracts different pests – Knowing which crops take what kind of nutrients helps to strategize and plant your farm in such a way to ensure a healthy growth. Not every problem is tackled with the same solutions, even though it would be much easier if every type of crop was identical. Additionally, with different crops comes different hosts of problems and pests that must be dealt with appropriately.

Growth is determined by the quality of the soil where the crop is rooted – Soil, the seemingly invisible factor that is under the surface is one of the biggest factors in the quality of a plant’s growth. Many things require looking under the surface to find potential qualities and problems of how a crop will grow.

Pests indicate an imbalance – Gardens grow toward and equilibrium, and much of a farmer’s job is arranging and planting the crops over cycles in order to maintain equilibrium in a field. Weeds and pests are often indicative of an imbalance of a certain nutrient, which is often something to pay attention to. Instead of simply solving the problem by attacking the symptom, restoring the balance often requires a thorough assessment of multiple factors.

To be continued…

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